Pecan Hardwood


Pecan wood (Carya illinoiensis) is a soft, mid-tones timber, with a colour range from brown to pinkie-red, tinged with brown. The sapwood is a very light cream and the grain is generally straight, although it can be wavy or mottled, with a medium to coarse texture. Pecan is closely related to hickory, and there can be some confusion between the two, as many pecans are referred to as hickories. The two can be distinguished by their microanatomy: pecan hickories have parenchyma bands in their early wood, whereas true hickories do not. True hickory is typically heavier than Pecan and is considered to be of slightly higher quality.

Pecan is a versatile timber, with a range of uses, including furniture, mouldings, tools and much more. If currently available from sustainable and legal sources, you can use our system to be connected with suppliers of Pecan.

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Also Called:
Faux Hickory, Pecan Nut, Pecan Hickory, Pecan Tre, Sweet Pecan

Durability Notes:
Pecan wood has some durability but is considered non durable and not suited for exterior applications

The drying and seasoning of Pecan is dependant on a number of factors; the speed in which it is processed after felling and logging, the method of drying and the specific kilns or location (if air dried). Generally the care taken by those processing the wood will have an impact on its drying and seasoning. As an overview; Pecan - kiln-dries well and air-dries quickly. Shrinkage is high, but it generally seasons quickly with little impact on the grade and quality of the wood. However, there can be a problem with warping and twisting when air-dried. Pecan exhibits small movement in service. Please note that all wood is liable to move when in service plus there can be dimensional change. The extent of this will depend on; the stability of the species itself, the conditions it is exposed to, the coating, decoration and protection. You will find more information about the suitability of this wood, for any proposed application, by using our interactive system and the filters shown.

Pecan wood has high crushing and bending strength, high stiffness and very good shock resistance. It is good for uses where elasticity and strength are important. Being hard, it has a tolerable to severe blunting effect on cutting edges. Pecan is challenging to work by hand but machines and turns well. Pre-drilling is advisable for nails and screws to avoid splitting. Pecan sands, oils, polishes and stains to a good finish.

Typical Uses:
Furniture, Flooring, Cabinetry, Veneer, Turnings, Toys, Musical Instruments

Moisture Content:
Guide - 10-18% for KD (+/- 2%)

Commonly asked questions about Pecan Wood

Is Pecan a hardwood or a softwood? Pecan is a hardwood. It is the same for; is Pecan hardwood or softwood? - Pecan is a hardwood.

Most groups/families of species share the same characteristics but this normally relates to their life as plants. Individual species do not always share the same characteristics as their relatives, in terms of the wood. Many factors influence how we use the wood and what we use it for, including where it grows, how it is forested, how it seasons/dries, etc. The answers to the following common questions, therefore relate to this particular species/wood and not the Pecan family as a whole. Even more specific – our answers relate to the wood (as we know it) in its form as a useable resource.

What colour is Pecan ? Pecan can be described as brown, light brown

Is Pecan good for outdoor use? or is Pecan good for exterior use? Pecan is most suited for internal/interior use. Pecan should not be used as an exterior/external timber (without treatment).

Whether the wood is naturally durable or not we would still recommend that it is decorated and/or coated with a suitable product to provide protection and/or maintain its appearance. This even applies when using the wood internally as, even subtle, changes in temperature or humidity will affect the wood. This will depend on the application/purpose of the wood and the user’s desired appearance. We also recommend that a recoating, care and maintenance programme is adhered to, for the life of an exterior wood. Wood cannot rot if it is kept dry – coatings and decoration can provide this protection. All of that said there are many durable timbers that are often left to weather naturally and will last for many years untreated/coated – movement and visual changes will occur but this is sometimes the desired effect. All wood is hygroscopic (it 'wants' to be in tune with its environment) it will therefore take on water from moisture in the air (or when directly exposed to or submerged in water) and ‘release it’ when dry or exposed to heat. This, inevitably, results in movement and dimensional change. For more about moisture in wood please click here - Moisture in wood

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