Gaboon Hardwood


Gaboon wood, also known as Aucoumea klaineana, is a species of timber that is renowned for its versatility. It is typically characterized by a white or pale grey sapwood and a salmon-pink to light brown or reddish-brown heartwood. After exposure to light, the heartwood can assume a mahogany colour. The grain of Gaboon is generally straight or slightly interlocked, though it can occasionally be curly or wavy, resulting in a mottled or striped figure when the wood is quarter sawn. It has a medium to moderately fine texture and a good satin-like gloss. Gaboon is suitable for a variety of uses, such as plywood, block board, furniture, and more. This timber is a great choice for any project that requires a strong, durable, and visually appealing material.

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Also Called:
Angouma, Mofoumou, Combogala, N'Goumi, Okoume

Durability Notes:
The heartwood of Gaboon has low resistance to decay, and can be attacked by marine borers. The sapwood is vulnerable to attack from the powder-post beetle. It does not take preservative treatment well.

The drying and seasoning of Gaboon is dependant on a number of factors; the speed in which it is processed after felling and logging, the method of drying and the specific kilns or location (if air dried). Generally the care taken by those processing the wood will have an impact on its drying and seasoning. As an overview; Gaboon - dries quickly and well. impact on the grade and quality of the wood is very low, but there can be slight distortion and checking. Please note that all wood is liable to move when in service plus there can be dimensional change. The extent of this will depend on; the stability of the species itself, the conditions it is exposed to, the coating, decoration and protection. You will find more information about the suitability of this wood, for any proposed application, by using our interactive system and the filters shown.

Gaboon wood is a weak, low-density timber with very low stiffness, low bending strength, poor steam-bending qualities and medium crushing strength. It dents, scratches and bruises easily. Gaboon does, however, have a high silica content and for this reason it can have a tolerable to severe blunting effect on cutting edges. Gaboon works fairly easily with machine or hand tools but surfaces can be woolly if care is not taken. Gaboon glues and nails well, stains adequately and can be brought to a really good finish.

Typical Uses:
Furniture, Flooring, Cabinetry, Boat Building, Musical Instruments.

Moisture Content:
Guide - 10-18% for KD (+/- 2%)

Commonly asked questions about Gaboon Wood

Is Gaboon a hardwood or a softwood? Gaboon is a hardwood. It is the same for; is Gaboon hardwood or softwood? - Gaboon is a hardwood.

Most groups/families of species share the same characteristics but this normally relates to their life as plants. Individual species do not always share the same characteristics as their relatives, in terms of the wood. Many factors influence how we use the wood and what we use it for, including where it grows, how it is forested, how it seasons/dries, etc. The answers to the following common questions, therefore relate to this particular species/wood and not the Gaboon family as a whole. Even more specific – our answers relate to the wood (as we know it) in its form as a useable resource.

What colour is Gaboon? Gaboon can be described as black/very dark brown, brown, dark red, red

Is Gaboon good for outdoor use? or is Gaboon good for exterior use? Gaboon is most suited for internal/interior use. Gaboon should not be used as an exterior/external timber (without treatment).

Whether the wood is naturally durable or not we would still recommend that it is decorated and/or coated with a suitable product to provide protection and/or maintain its appearance. This even applies when using the wood internally as, even subtle, changes in temperature or humidity will affect the wood. This will depend on the application/purpose of the wood and the user’s desired appearance. We also recommend that a recoating, care and maintenance programme is adhered to, for the life of an exterior wood. Wood cannot rot if it is kept dry – coatings and decoration can provide this protection. All of that said there are many durable timbers that are often left to weather naturally and will last for many years untreated/coated – movement and visual changes will occur but this is sometimes the desired effect. All wood is hygroscopic (it 'wants' to be in tune with its environment) it will therefore take on water from moisture in the air (or when directly exposed to or submerged in water) and ‘release it’ when dry or exposed to heat. This, inevitably, results in movement and dimensional change. For more about moisture in wood please click here - Moisture in wood

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