Pine (Longleaf And Slash) Softwood

Pine (Longleaf And Slash)

Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris and P. elliottii) is a versatile and popular softwood timber, with a range of uses from joinery to construction. The sapwood of Longleaf Pine is typically whitish to yellowish, orange-white or pale yellow, while the heartwood is light yellow, orange or reddish-brown and is resinous. The grain is straight and uneven with a medium texture, and the growth rings show a clear contrast between early wood and latewood. This timber is the heaviest of the commercial softwoods, with heavier stock marketed as 'pitch pine' and lighter stock as 'southern pine'. Longleaf Pine is a great choice for a range of timber projects, and is available from sustainable and legal sources.

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Material Type:

Also Called:
Florida Pine, Florida Yellow Pine, Florida Longleaf Pine, Georgia Yellow Pine, Pitch Pine, Haert Pine, Spruce Pine (P. Palustris); Slash Pine, Yellow Slash Pine (P. Elliottii). Often Sold Together With Loblolly Pine (P. Taeda) And Shortleaf Pine (P. Echinata) As Southern Pine Or Southern Yellow Pine,

Durability Notes:
Pine (Longleaf and Slash) wood is non durable. It is perishable and should only be considered for internal use.

The drying and seasoning of Pine (Longleaf And Slash) is dependant on a number of factors; the speed in which it is processed after felling and logging, the method of drying and the specific kilns or location (if air dried). Generally the care taken by those processing the wood will have an impact on its drying and seasoning. As an overview; Pine (Longleaf And Slash) - These pines dry well with little impact on the grade and quality of the wood, There is only small movement in service. Please note that all wood is liable to move when in service plus there can be dimensional change. The extent of this will depend on; the stability of the species itself, the conditions it is exposed to, the coating, decoration and protection. You will find more information about the suitability of this wood, for any proposed application, by using our interactive system and the filters shown.

Longleaf Pine has high crushing, bending and stiffness strengths. It has medium resistance to shock loads. The resin within the wood makes it unsuitable for steam bending. The wood works fairly well with either hand or machine tools. Longleaf Pine has a tolerable blunting effect on tools. The resin can clog cutters and saws. Longleaf Pine planes, moulds drills and turns fairly well and glues screws, sands and nails well. The wood is good for painting, varnishing, staining and polishing.

Typical Uses:
Construction, Furniture, Flooring, Lumber, Cabinets, Carpentry, Plywood, Firewood, Crafts, Decorative Veneers, Milling.

Moisture Content:
Guide - 10-18% for KD (+/- 2%)

Commonly asked questions about Longleaf Pine Wood

Is Longleaf Pine a hardwood or a softwood? Longleaf Pine is a softwood. It is the same for; is Longleaf Pine hardwood or softwood? - Longleaf Pine is a softwood.

Most groups/families of species share the same characteristics but this normally relates to their life as plants. Individual species do not always share the same characteristics as their relatives, in terms of the wood. Many factors influence how we use the wood and what we use it for, including where it grows, how it is forested, how it seasons/dries, etc. The answers to the following common questions, therefore relate to this particular species/wood and not the Pine family as a whole. Even more specific – our answers relate to the wood (as we know it) in its form as a useable resource.

What colour is Longleaf Pine? Longleaf Pine can be described as light brown, white/cream (very light brown), yellow/brown, orange

Is Longleaf Pine good for outdoor use? or is Longleaf Pine good for exterior use? Longleaf Pine is most suited for interior/interior use. Longleaf Pine can be used as an exterior/external timber (without treatment).

Whether the wood is naturally durable or not we would still recommend that it is decorated and/or coated with a suitable product to provide protection and/or maintain its appearance. This even applies when using the wood internally as, even subtle, changes in temperature or humidity will affect the wood. This will depend on the application/purpose of the wood and the user’s desired appearance. We also recommend that a recoating, care and maintenance programme is adhered to, for the life of an exterior wood. Wood cannot rot if it is kept dry – coatings and decoration can provide this protection. All of that said there are many durable timbers that are often left to weather naturally and will last for many years untreated/coated – movement and visual changes will occur but this is sometimes the desired effect. All wood is hygroscopic (it 'wants' to be in tune with its environment) it will therefore take on water from moisture in the air (or when directly exposed to or submerged in water) and ‘release it’ when dry or exposed to heat. This, inevitably, results in movement and dimensional change. For more about moisture in wood please click here - Moisture in wood

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