Pine (Western White) Softwood

Pine (Western White)

Western White Pine wood is a timber species with a near-white to yellowish-white sapwood and pale yellow to red-brown heartwood. It is characterized by fine brown lines of resin ducts on longitudinal surfaces and a straight-grain with an even, uniform texture. This timber is known to be knotty and is a versatile species, used for furniture, joinery, mouldings, and more. Botanically known as Pinus monticola and commonly referred to as Pine (Western White), this timber offers a range of uses for the creative woodworker.

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Also Called:
Idaho White Pine, White Pine, Mountain Pine, Silver Pine

Durability Notes:
Pine (Western White) wood is non durable. It is perishable and should only be considered for internal use.

The drying and seasoning of Pine (Western White) is dependant on a number of factors; the speed in which it is processed after felling and logging, the method of drying and the specific kilns or location (if air dried). Generally the care taken by those processing the wood will have an impact on its drying and seasoning. As an overview; Pine (Western White) - dries readily and well, with only a little checking and warping. There is small movement in service. Please note that all wood is liable to move when in service plus there can be dimensional change. The extent of this will depend on; the stability of the species itself, the conditions it is exposed to, the coating, decoration and protection. You will find more information about the suitability of this wood, for any proposed application, by using our interactive system and the filters shown.

Western White Pine is soft and light and is rated as tolerable for shock resistance and stiffness. Western White Pine is fairly weak in bending and compression. It works well with both machine and hand tools and has only a slight blunting effect on tools. Good, smooth surfaces can be achieved when planing and moulding, turns , drills and mortices very well. Sanding, staining, varnishing and painting qualities are good and it is excellent for nailing, screwing and gluing.

Typical Uses:
furniture, flooring, cabinetry, millwork, boatbuilding, construction, decking, plywood.

Moisture Content:
Guide - 10-18% for KD (+/- 2%)

Commonly asked questions about Western White Pine Wood

Is Western White Pine a hardwood or a softwood? Western White Pine is a softwood. It is the same for; is Western White Pine hardwood or softwood? - Western White Pine is a softwood.

Most groups/families of species share the same characteristics but this normally relates to their life as plants. Individual species do not always share the same characteristics as their relatives, in terms of the wood. Many factors influence how we use the wood and what we use it for, including where it grows, how it is forested, how it seasons/dries, etc. The answers to the following common questions, therefore relate to this particular species/wood and not the Pine family as a whole. Even more specific – our answers relate to the wood (as we know it) in its form as a useable resource.

What colour is Western White Pine? Western White Pine can be described as light brown, white/cream (very light brown), yellow/brown, orange

Is Western White Pine good for outdoor use? or is Western White Pine good for exterior use? Western White Pine is most suited for interior/interior use. Western White Pine can be used as an exterior/external timber (without treatment).

Whether the wood is naturally durable or not we would still recommend that it is decorated and/or coated with a suitable product to provide protection and/or maintain its appearance. This even applies when using the wood internally as, even subtle, changes in temperature or humidity will affect the wood. This will depend on the application/purpose of the wood and the user’s desired appearance. We also recommend that a recoating, care and maintenance programme is adhered to, for the life of an exterior wood. Wood cannot rot if it is kept dry – coatings and decoration can provide this protection. All of that said there are many durable timbers that are often left to weather naturally and will last for many years untreated/coated – movement and visual changes will occur but this is sometimes the desired effect. All wood is hygroscopic (it 'wants' to be in tune with its environment) it will therefore take on water from moisture in the air (or when directly exposed to or submerged in water) and ‘release it’ when dry or exposed to heat. This, inevitably, results in movement and dimensional change. For more about moisture in wood please click here - Moisture in wood

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