Angelin Hardwood


Angelin wood, also known by its botanical name Andira inermis, is a yellowish-brown to dark reddish-brown timber with separable lighter stripes, resembling markings on a partridge's wing. Its grain is straight to slightly interlocked or moderately irregular, with a very coarse texture and a low gloss. The sapwood is a yellowish-white or pale brown to greyish-yellow, and is clearly defined from the heartwood.

Angelin is a versatile timber, suitable for a range of applications including furniture, cabinetmaking and turnery. If available from sustainable and legal sources, Angelin is an excellent choice for those looking for a durable and attractive wood.

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Material Type:

Also Called:
Partridge Wood, Rode Kabbas, Red Cabbage Bark, Red Kabbas, Macaya, Maquilla, Pheasantwood, Angelim, Andira, Acapurana, Moca

Durability Notes:
The heartwood of Angelin is resistant to decay-causing organisms, and has some resistance to dry-wood termites. The sapwood is vulnerable to attack from the powder-post beetle. Its heartwood is challenging to treat with preservatives, and even the sapwood does not accept treatment well.

The drying and seasoning of Angelin is dependant on a number of factors; the speed in which it is processed after felling and logging, the method of drying and the specific kilns or location (if air dried). Generally the care taken by those processing the wood will have an impact on its drying and seasoning. As an overview; Angelin - dries at a moderate rate with little impact on the grade and quality of the wood, but it can be slightly prone to check and distort while drying. There is little movement in use. Please note that all wood is liable to move when in service plus there can be dimensional change. The extent of this will depend on; the stability of the species itself, the conditions it is exposed to, the coating, decoration and protection. You will find more information about the suitability of this wood, for any proposed application, by using our interactive system and the filters shown.

Angelin is a tough, strong wood, with a very high bending strength. It works fairly well but its alternating bands of hard and soft tissue make planing to a smooth finish challenging. The wood has a tolerable blunting effect on cutting edges. Angelin saws and mortices easily, turns, drills, stains, nails and screws well and glues adequately. Angelin can be polished and varnishes to a good finish if the grain is filled. Carves well.

Typical Uses:
Furniture, Cabinetry, Flooring, Decorative Veneers, Boatbuilding, Musical Instruments, Turned Objects, Carvings.

Moisture Content:
Guide - 10-18% for KD (+/- 2%)

Commonly asked questions about Angelin Wood

Is Angelin a hardwood or a softwood? Angelin is a hardwood. It is the same for; is Angelin hardwood or softwood? - Angelin is a hardwood.

Most groups/families of species share the same characteristics but this normally relates to their life as plants. Individual species do not always share the same characteristics as their relatives, in terms of the wood. Many factors influence how we use the wood and what we use it for, including where it grows, how it is forested, how it seasons/dries, etc. The answers to the following common questions, therefore relate to this particular species/wood and not the Angelin family as a whole. Even more specific – our answers relate to the wood (as we know it) in its form as a useable resource.

What colour is Angelin? Angelin can be described as brown, dark brown, dark red

Is Angelin good for outdoor use? or is Angelin good for exterior use? Angelin is most suited for exterior/external use. Angelin can be used as an exterior/external timber (without treatment).

Whether the wood is naturally durable or not we would still recommend that it is decorated and/or coated with a suitable product to provide protection and/or maintain its appearance. This even applies when using the wood internally as, even subtle, changes in temperature or humidity will affect the wood. This will depend on the application/purpose of the wood and the user’s desired appearance. We also recommend that a recoating, care and maintenance programme is adhered to, for the life of an exterior wood. Wood cannot rot if it is kept dry – coatings and decoration can provide this protection. All of that said there are many durable timbers that are often left to weather naturally and will last for many years untreated/coated – movement and visual changes will occur but this is sometimes the desired effect. All wood is hygroscopic (it 'wants' to be in tune with its environment) it will therefore take on water from moisture in the air (or when directly exposed to or submerged in water) and ‘release it’ when dry or exposed to heat. This, inevitably, results in movement and dimensional change. For more about moisture in wood please click here - Moisture in wood

No suitable uses for this timber have been found. This database is constantly updated and uses for this timber will be added in the future.

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