Elm (English) Hardwood

Elm (English)

English Elm, also known by its botanical name Ulmus procera, is a versatile timber with a unique and attractive grain pattern. Its cross and irregular grain makes it a great choice for projects that require a striking figure. This wood species has a coarse texture, with prominent annual rings that add to its unique character. English Elm is well-suited for a variety of uses, from cabinetmaking to furniture and marine applications. If available from sustainable and legal sources, English Elm is an excellent choice for any project.

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Material Type:

Also Called:
Elm, Red Elm, Nave Elm, Vanligh Alm (Norwegian), Feldulme, Orem D'Angleterre (French), Englische Ulme (German), Engelse Veldiep (Dutch),

Durability Notes:
Elm (English) wood is moderately durable

The drying and seasoning of Elm (English) is dependant on a number of factors; the speed in which it is processed after felling and logging, the method of drying and the specific kilns or location (if air dried). Generally the care taken by those processing the wood will have an impact on its drying and seasoning. As an overview; Elm (English) - dries fairly quickly, but has a strong tendency to distort unless closely stickered and well weightier. English Elm can suffer checks, splits and sometimes collapse. There is medium movement in service. Please note that all wood is liable to move when in service plus there can be dimensional change. The extent of this will depend on; the stability of the species itself, the conditions it is exposed to, the coating, decoration and protection. You will find more information about the suitability of this wood, for any proposed application, by using our interactive system and the filters shown.

English Elm has medium crushing and bending strengths, a high resistance to shock loads, very low stiffness and good steam-bending properties. The wood works well with hand and machine tools. English Elm has good nailing, screwing and gluing properties. Elm takes stain well and can be polished to a high finish.

Typical Uses:
Furniture, Cabinetry, Flooring, Boatbuilding, Upholstery, Musical Instruments, Veneer, Carving.

Moisture Content:
Guide - 10-18% for KD (+/- 2%)

Commonly asked questions about English Elm Wood

Is English Elm a hardwood or a softwood? English Elm is a hardwood. It is the same for; is English Elm hardwood or softwood? - English Elm is a hardwood.

Most groups/families of species share the same characteristics but this normally relates to their life as plants. Individual species do not always share the same characteristics as their relatives, in terms of the wood. Many factors influence how we use the wood and what we use it for, including where it grows, how it is forested, how it seasons/dries, etc. The answers to the following common questions, therefore relate to this particular species/wood and not the Elm family as a whole. Even more specific – our answers relate to the wood (as we know it) in its form as a useable resource.

What colour is English Elm? English Elm can be described as brown, dark red, orange

Is English Elm good for outdoor use? or is English Elm good for exterior use? English Elm is most suited for interior/interior use. English Elm can be used as an exterior/external timber (without treatment).

Whether the wood is naturally durable or not we would still recommend that it is decorated and/or coated with a suitable product to provide protection and/or maintain its appearance. This even applies when using the wood internally as, even subtle, changes in temperature or humidity will affect the wood. This will depend on the application/purpose of the wood and the user’s desired appearance. We also recommend that a recoating, care and maintenance programme is adhered to, for the life of an exterior wood. Wood cannot rot if it is kept dry – coatings and decoration can provide this protection. All of that said there are many durable timbers that are often left to weather naturally and will last for many years untreated/coated – movement and visual changes will occur but this is sometimes the desired effect. All wood is hygroscopic (it 'wants' to be in tune with its environment) it will therefore take on water from moisture in the air (or when directly exposed to or submerged in water) and ‘release it’ when dry or exposed to heat. This, inevitably, results in movement and dimensional change. For more about moisture in wood please click here - Moisture in wood

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