Abura Hardwood


Abura wood, also known by its botanical name Mitragyna ciliata (now Hallea ledermannii) (Rubiaceae), is a versatile timber with many uses. The bulk of the tree is orange-brown to pink sapwood, while the heartwood is reddish-brown with dark streaks. Abura is commonly straight-grained, but can also have interlocking and spiral grain. The grain is generally fine and even, with gum veins often visible as dark streaks. Abura is a popular choice for furniture, joinery, mouldings and much more. If you are able to source Abura from sustainable and legal sources, our interactive system can help you find a supplier.

  • Spec:
  • FAQ's:
  • Uses:
  • Links:

Material Type:

Also Called:
Bahia, Elomom (Gabon), Eliom (Cameroon), Subaha (Ghana), M'Boy, Baya, Vuku,

Durability Notes:
Abura wood has some durability but is considered non durable and not suited for exterior applications

The drying and seasoning of Abura is dependant on a number of factors; the speed in which it is processed after felling and logging, the method of drying and the specific kilns or location (if air dried). Generally the care taken by those processing the wood will have an impact on its drying and seasoning. As an overview; Abura - air and kiln dries well, provided shakes are cut out in conversion. There is little movement in service and it is stable. Please note that all wood is liable to move when in service plus there can be dimensional change. The extent of this will depend on; the stability of the species itself, the conditions it is exposed to, the coating, decoration and protection. You will find more information about the suitability of this wood, for any proposed application, by using our interactive system and the filters shown.

Abura is of medium density, with low bending strength and vey low stiffness. Abura has medium crushing strength and low shock resistance. It works well but can have a tolerable to severe blunting affect on tools. Abura stains well and takes an excellent finish.

Typical Uses:
furniture, flooring, cabinetry, veneers, interior trim, turnings, carvings, musical instruments.

Moisture Content:
Guide - 10-18% for KD (+/- 2%)

Commonly asked questions about Abura Wood

Is Abura a hardwood or a softwood? Abura is a hardwood. It is the same for; is Abura hardwood or softwood? - Abura is a hardwood.

Most groups/families of species share the same characteristics but this normally relates to their life as plants. Individual species do not always share the same characteristics as their relatives, in terms of the wood. Many factors influence how we use the wood and what we use it for, including where it grows, how it is forested, how it seasons/dries, etc. The answers to the following common questions, therefore relate to this particular species/wood and not the Abura family as a whole. Even more specific – our answers relate to the wood (as we know it) in its form as a useable resource.

What colour is Abura? Abura can be described as brown, light brown, red

Is Abura good for outdoor use? or is Abura good for exterior use? Abura is most suited for internal/interior use. Abura should not be used as an exterior/external timber (without treatment).

Whether the wood is naturally durable or not we would still recommend that it is decorated and/or coated with a suitable product to provide protection and/or maintain its appearance. This even applies when using the wood internally as, even subtle, changes in temperature or humidity will affect the wood. This will depend on the application/purpose of the wood and the user’s desired appearance. We also recommend that a recoating, care and maintenance programme is adhered to, for the life of an exterior wood. Wood cannot rot if it is kept dry – coatings and decoration can provide this protection. All of that said there are many durable timbers that are often left to weather naturally and will last for many years untreated/coated – movement and visual changes will occur but this is sometimes the desired effect. All wood is hygroscopic (it 'wants' to be in tune with its environment) it will therefore take on water from moisture in the air (or when directly exposed to or submerged in water) and ‘release it’ when dry or exposed to heat. This, inevitably, results in movement and dimensional change. For more about moisture in wood please click here - Moisture in wood

Are you in the timber industry?

Would you like help growing your business and have access to free industry tools and eBooks? Then please visit:



Any One Wood - The Wood Databse