Pine (Eastern White) Softwood

Pine (Eastern White)

Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus, Pineceae) is a versatile timber with a wide range of uses. The heartwood ranges in colour from pale yellow to a light red-brown, and is occasionally marked by fine brown lines of resin ducts. The grain is typically straight and even, and the growth rings are difficult to discern. The texture of the wood is uniform and medium. Eastern White Pine is suitable for furniture, joinery and construction, and can be sourced from sustainable and legal sources.

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Material Type:

Also Called:
White Pine, Northern White Pine, Spruce Pine, Quebec Pine, Weymouth Pine

Durability Notes:
Pine (Eastern White) wood is non durable. It is perishable and should only be considered for internal use.

The drying and seasoning of Pine (Eastern White) is dependant on a number of factors; the speed in which it is processed after felling and logging, the method of drying and the specific kilns or location (if air dried). Generally the care taken by those processing the wood will have an impact on its drying and seasoning. As an overview; Pine (Eastern White) - air dries easily and uniformly with low shrinkage, but brown stains and ring failure can occur. Yellow pine is very stable in service. Please note that all wood is liable to move when in service plus there can be dimensional change. The extent of this will depend on; the stability of the species itself, the conditions it is exposed to, the coating, decoration and protection. You will find more information about the suitability of this wood, for any proposed application, by using our interactive system and the filters shown.

Eastern Pine is soft and light and is weak in all the strength categories. Eastern White Pine is not suitable for steam bending. Eastern White Pine works well with both machine and hand tools and has only a slight blunting effect on tooling. Yellow pine planes easily, giving a smooth finish. It moulds, drills, mortices, glues, carves, nails and screws well. Eastern White Pine responds well to sanding and accepts paint and varnish well. If left untreated, it weathers to a light grey.

Typical Uses:
furniture, flooring, paneling, trim, musical instruments, veneer, crates, boxes, pallets.

Moisture Content:
Guide - 10-18% for KD (+/- 2%)

Commonly asked questions about Eastern White Pine Wood

Is Eastern White Pine a hardwood or a softwood? Eastern White Pine is a softwood. It is the same for; is Eastern White Pine hardwood or softwood? - Eastern White Pine is a softwood.

Most groups/families of species share the same characteristics but this normally relates to their life as plants. Individual species do not always share the same characteristics as their relatives, in terms of the wood. Many factors influence how we use the wood and what we use it for, including where it grows, how it is forested, how it seasons/dries, etc. The answers to the following common questions, therefore relate to this particular species/wood and not the Pine family as a whole. Even more specific – our answers relate to the wood (as we know it) in its form as a useable resource.

What colour is Eastern White Pine? Eastern White Pine can be described as light brown, white/cream (very light brown), yellow/brown, orange

Is Eastern White Pine good for outdoor use? or is Eastern White Pine good for exterior use? Eastern White Pine is most suited for interior/interior use. Eastern White Pine can be used as an exterior/external timber (without treatment).

Whether the wood is naturally durable or not we would still recommend that it is decorated and/or coated with a suitable product to provide protection and/or maintain its appearance. This even applies when using the wood internally as, even subtle, changes in temperature or humidity will affect the wood. This will depend on the application/purpose of the wood and the user’s desired appearance. We also recommend that a recoating, care and maintenance programme is adhered to, for the life of an exterior wood. Wood cannot rot if it is kept dry – coatings and decoration can provide this protection. All of that said there are many durable timbers that are often left to weather naturally and will last for many years untreated/coated – movement and visual changes will occur but this is sometimes the desired effect. All wood is hygroscopic (it 'wants' to be in tune with its environment) it will therefore take on water from moisture in the air (or when directly exposed to or submerged in water) and ‘release it’ when dry or exposed to heat. This, inevitably, results in movement and dimensional change. For more about moisture in wood please click here - Moisture in wood

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